Importance Of Hemoglobin In Human Body
Hemoglobin is a metalloprotein in erythrocytes erythroid cells. It is an oxygen-carrying protein from the lungs to the body. Hemoglobin is also abbreviated as “Hb” or “Hgb”. Hemoglobin is produced in the bone marrow and then stored in the erythroid cells or red blood cells (RBCs).
Chemically, Hemoglobin consists of four subunits of the protein named Beta-globin (2 subunits) and Alpha-globin (2 subunits).
There are some questions in the mind of people about Hemoglobin that they ask a doctor, like
- How can Hb be tested?
- What is the average hemoglobin level?
- How to increase Hemoglobin?
How Do You Test Hemoglobin?
Hb or hemoglobin levels can be tested with the help of a blood sample test and expressed in grams per deciliter. “Hb” is directly related to oxygen. That’s why if “Hb” is low, its mean oxygen level will be low as compared with the body’s requirements. This condition is known as “Anemia“. The average Hb value varies with age and gender, but standard values are given below.
Normal hemoglobin ranges are
- Above 12 g/dL in a woman
- Above 13.5 g/dL in a man
Symptoms of Low Hemoglobin Level:
Some common symptoms express a low level of Hemoglobin or Hb are given below
- Irregular Heartbeat
- Chest pain
- Cold hands and feet
- Change skin color (yellow or pale)
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How to Increase Hemoglobin In the Body
You can boost your Hb level by following different home remedies and eating foods. Details of such food are given below as
Anemia, or a low level of Hemoglobin, is directly related to iron. That’s why you can control your Hb level by consuming iron-rich foods. Iron can increase the production of hemoglobin. There are some iron-rich foods such as eggs, meat, fish, soy products, dates, green beans, spinach and kale, peanut butter, green vegetables, and dry fruits.
Increase Folate intake
Vitamin B can play an essential role in the production of “Heme” which is a significant component of Hemoglobin. On the other end, Folate is a kind of Vitamin B, and it is also known as Vitamin B9; that’s why folate is essential in “Folate Deficiency Anemia.” Folate is manufactured by the folic acid that Vitamin B9 produces.
Some good sources of folate include beef, peanuts, rice, spinach, lettuce, and avocado fruit.
Increase Iron Absorption
Citrus fruits, leafy green vegetables, and barriers are rich sources of Vitamin C, which can maximize the absorption of iron. Besides this, Vitamin A is also essential for iron absorption in the body. Vitamin A-rich foods include fish, collards, squash, sweet potatoes, and liver.
You can also boost your iron uptake with the help of Beta-carotene foods such as sweet potatoes, mangoes, carrots, and squashes.
In case of a shallow level of Hemoglobin, a doctor can suggest some iron-rich food supplements depending upon the person’s levels.
Iron supplements can be dangerous if taken too much. Hemoglobin is an Iron overloading disease that can lead to liver disease. Some other side effects can also be shown, such as constipation and vomiting. So, the doctor’s advice is essential, and we should consult with our doctor before using iron supplements.
What will happen if Anemia is not treated?
If you do not treat Anemia, it can be dangerous for your health. There are some risk factors for Hemoglobin or Hb, as
- Heart failure
- Low immunity
- Frequent infection
- Developmental problems in newborn babies
- Complications in pregnancy, such as premature birth, low-weight babies, and abortions